Natural Thyroid Support
Understanding the body’s master gland
The health of your thyroid has a major impact on your overall health. When your thyroid levels are out of whack, then you will be you too. Having too much or too little thyroid hormone in your system will greatly influence everything from how you feel, your energy levels, your weight and sleep quality to your fertility and reproductive function and your moods. We need to have a good understanding of the thyroid as there is a rather large epidemic of thyroid disorders going on out there in the general population – often undiagnosed.
Located in the neck, just below the Adam’s apple, the thyroid gland is one of the largest endocrine glands in the body and has a major influence on almost every cell in your body. Most people are somewhat aware that the thyroid is responsible for regulating your metabolism and weight but are less aware of the essential role of the thyroid in fertility and pregnancy, its importance in children’s growth and development and nearly every other physiological process in your body.
The “endocrine system”, a more fancy name for the hormone system, is a complex interacting system of glands that produce various hormones. These include our reproductive glands that produce sex hormones like oestrogen, progesterone and testosterone, the adrenal glands which help manage our response to stress and the pancreas which produces the sugar regulating hormone, insulin. The role of hormones in general, is to act like messengers and interact with cells in the body and control what the cell does. When there is a gland in the system not working well, it tends to influence all the other endocrine glands and will affect the output of other hormones and give rise to seemingly unrelated disorders.
Under the influence of the pituitary (brain) hormone TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) the thyroid gland produces three different thyroid hormones, known as T2, T3 and T4. Little is understood about the role of T2, but researchers are busy trying to learn more about it. Most of the hormone produced by your thyroid is the inactive form, T4. This then gets converted into T3 in the liver by a special enzyme or catalyst. So generally things go wrong when your thyroid either makes too much or too little thyroid hormone or your enzymes are insufficient or overactive and your conversion of T4 to the active T3 is affected.
While overactive thyroid function is not uncommon, occurring in around 8% of women and 1% of men at some point in their lives, underactive thyroid disorders are more common. It is estimated that anywhere between 10-20% of the general population have some form of underactive thyroid disease.
An important thing to note is that the thyroid can swing back and forth in the early stages of thyroid disease, going from hyperactive to underactive and back again. Once the thyroid is exhausted from overactivity, often underactivity or hypothyroidism is the end result.
Let’s have a look at some of the widespread symptoms that can arise from thyroid dysfunction:
Symptoms of Overactive Thyroid
- Feeling anxious, restless, nervous or irritable
- Sleeping poorly, insomnia (tired, but wired feeling)
- Difficulty concentrating, shakey, tremors in muscles
- Sweating easily or profusely, feeling hot
- Frequent and loose bowel movements
- Irregular menstrual periods, fertility issues, amenorrhoea
- Weight loss (or sometimes can be weight gain)
- Cardiac issues, such as rapid or erratic heartbeat
- Protruding eyes (know as exophthalmos in Graves disease)
Symptoms of Underactive Thyroid
- Fatigue, poor energy, lethargy
- Depression, lack of motivation
- Heavy or foggy feeling in head
- Falling asleep easily, sleeping excessively
- Weight issues – easy weight gain or difficulty losing weight
- Rough, dry or scaly skin
- Dry, coarse hair and hair loss
- Sensitivity to cold – feeling cold all the time or lack of sweating even with exercise. Low basal temperature.
So What Makes the Thyroid Fail to Work Properly?
Nutritional deficiencies (especially iodine), food intolerance and goitregens in food, exposure to chemicals in the environment (such as bromine) and stress and adrenal dysfunction are the biggest factors in causing thyroid disorders. Genetic components are also common, especially with autoimmune thyroid disorders, but it is normally the combination of genes plus environmental impacts that cause these genes to be switched on and then play a role.
As each person is individual, it is important to have a full assessment of current health issues and your previous medical history to determine the possible causes. Tests that we can do to check your thyroid function include full thyroid panel (not just TSH), iodine levels (load test), basal temperature and other nutritional tests. Checking adrenal and reproductive function may also be relevant.
What is the best Treatment for Thyroid Disorders?
Effective treatment of thyroid disorders really needs to factor in the underlying causes. Holistic
treatments avoid just treating the thyroid gland and instead aim to remove the underlying triggers as well. When we address the true cause and support better nutrition, stress management and remove other factors we can get lasting results. There are also many great herbs that can be used that specifically work to improve thyroid gland function or enzyme activity and receptors.
Conventional medical management involves the drug thyroxine, which is a synthetic analogue of T4. While some people experience benefits from taking T4, a large percentage of people do not respond. Clearly if there is a problem with conversion of T4 to the active T3, it will not be addressed by supplying the body with more T4. Overactive thyroid treatments include drugs that bind to the enzyme to block the conversion of T4 to T3.
If you think you may be suffering from a thyroid issue, then please make an appointment today for a full holistic assessment. Getting your thyroid firing again can make all the difference in the world!